- Parts of Tripura are witnessing violent protests recently due to the proposed resettlement of Bru tribals.
- In Tripura, this community is recognized as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group.
- In Mizoram, it is targeted by ethnic organizations demanding its exclusion from electoral rolls, forcing the tribe to flee to Tripura.
- In a bid to ensure their permanent settlement in Tripura, an agreement was signed between the Centre and the two states this year.
- This sparked protests from Bengalis and Mizo groups in Tripura.
About BRU tribe
- The Brus are the Indian Chinese community living in the Northeast region, mostly in the states of Assam, Tripura, Mizoram.
- In Mizoram, these tribals are targeted by ethnic organizations.
- They demand that the Brus should be excluded from the electoral rolls.
- In Tripura, these tribals are recognized as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group.
- In 1997, around 37000 Bru tribals flight from Mizoram to Tripura due to ethnic clashes.
- Around 5,000 people have returned to Mizoram and the rest of the 32000 have settled in camps in Tripura.
- In January 2020, an agreement was signed between the state governments of Tripura and Mizoram and the central government and the Bru representatives.
- According to the agreement, 32000 people residing in the camps are to permanently settle in the state of Tripura.
- This agreement has led to protests from Mizo groups and the Bengalis in the state of Tripura.
- According to them settling these migrants permanently in the state will lead to demographic imbalance, law and order problems, and will exert pressure on local resources.
Bru Tribal resettlement plan
- According to the agreement signed in January 2020, the state of Tripura has planned 12 resettlement spots in 6 districts.
- The central government is to fund 600 crores of rupees for the special development projects of the Brus.
- The protests are mainly to save the ancestral lands being allocated to the Brus.
Create a memory for Bru tribe
credit: India Today
- Recently, thousands of tons of this banned catfish were found to be illegally bred in over 125 artificial ponds in rural Thane, Maharashtra.
- Thai Mangur is a catfish that was banned by the National Green Tribunal.
- It was harming the local ecosystem and the consumers’ health.
- It is favored by the cultivators due to
- its ability to feed on anything
- its ability to survive in hostile conditions.
- It also has high demand because it is cheaper when compared to other seafood.
Reason for Ban
- According to a study, the Thai Mangur is responsible for 70% decline of native fish species of India.
- Also, the fish is being cultivated in unhygienic conditions posing health risks to the consumers.
Create a memory for Thai Mangur
- The Hornbill Festival, which is called the ‘Festivals of Festivals’,
- It is a 10-day annual cultural fest of Nagaland that showcases the rich and diverse Naga ethnicity through folk dances, traditional music, local cuisine, handicraft, art workshops, etc.
- The festival is named after the Indian Hornbill Bird.
- It is a large and colorful forest bird.
- The festival is named after the bird as it is displayed in the folklore of most of the tribals in the state of Nagaland.
Create a memory for Hornbill festival
Apex committee for the implementation of the Paris agreement
- AIPA is recently constituted by the Indian government
- To ensure a coordinated response to climate change matters
- To keep the country on track towards meeting its climate change obligations under the Paris Agreement, which includes Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).
- It will act as the national authority for regulating carbon markets within the country.
- It is formed under the chairmanship of the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change secretary.
- The main purpose of forming the committee is to ensure a coordinated response on climate change matters protecting the interests of India.
- The committee will make sure India is on the right track in achieving climate change obligations under the Paris agreement.
- It will be responsible for formulating policies to implement the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC).
- The committee will also regularly communicate and report the progress of India’s status in achieving its NDC to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Nationally Determined Contributions of India
- India had submitted its National Determined Contributions in 2015.
- The three main goals of India are as follows
- 33% to 35% of reduction in the GDP emission intensity by 2030 as compared to that of 2005 levels.
- To create carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide true forest cover and afforestation programs.
- To increase the share of non-fossil fuel-based electricity to 40% by 2030.