100 Octane petrol
- The Indian Oil Corporation recently launched the first 100 Octane petrol.
- This is the first time 100 Octane fuel is being launched in the country.
- The fuel was manufactured in the Indian Oil Corporation Mathura Refinery located in Uttar Pradesh.
World Trade Organisation
- The World Trade Organisation recently released the World Trade Report, 2020.
- The report analyses the adoption of government policies to foster technological progress and digital innovation.
- The report says that due to the covid-19 crisis, around 115 countries have adopted new digital and industrial strategies to fasten the transition towards the digital economy.
- This mainly includes
- tax breaks to facilitate digital innovation,
- policies to address access to data,
- the technological hub to maximize knowledge diffusion,
- research and development reports.
- The report highlighted that the WTO has supported the innovation by eliminating tariffs through the Information Technology Agreement.
- The report says that Asian powerhouses which have India China and Japan have contributed to 40% of world research and development in 2017. The contribution was 8.2 % in 1996.
- According to the report, Brain gain effects exist in Russia and China but not in India.
- According to the report, online platforms have gained significant growth since the start of the pandemic.
- The main challenge that lies in the changing digital world is to build up the necessary infrastructure that facilitates the transition.
Create a memory of WTO and it’s working
Credit: World Trade Organization
Contempt of Court
- Attorney-General K.K. Venugopal has given his consent to a law student to initiate contempt of court proceedings against an artist for her tweets and cartoons.
- The prior consent in writing of the Attorney General is required for the Supreme Court to initiate criminal contempt action in a case a/c to the Contempt of Court Act, 1971.
About Attorney General
The Attorney General for India is the central government’s chief legal advisor and its primary lawyer in the Supreme Court of India.
He/She is a part of the Union Executive.
- He/She is appointed by the President of India under Article 76(1) of the Constitution
- He/She holds office during the pleasure of the President.
- He must be a person qualified to be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court.
- He should be an Indian Citizen.
- He must have either completed 5 years in the High Court of any Indian state as a judge or 10 years in High Court as an advocate.
- He may be an eminent jurist too, in the eye of the President.
Powers and Functions
The Attorney General is necessary for giving advice to the Government of India in legal matters referred to him.
He also performs other legal duties assigned to him by the President.
The Attorney General has the right of audience in all Courts in India as well as the right to participate in the proceedings of the Parliament, though he/she can not vote.
The Attorney General appears on behalf of the Government of India in all cases (including suits, appeals, and other proceedings) in the Supreme Court in which the Government of India is concerned.
He also represents the Government of India in any reference made by the President to the Supreme Court under Article 143 of the Constitution.
The Attorney General can accept briefs but cannot appear against the Government.
He cannot defend an accused in the criminal proceedings and accept the directorship of a company without the permission of the Government.
The Attorney General is assisted by two Solicitor General and four Additional Solicitor Generals.
Create a memory of Attorney General
Credit: Rajya Sabha TV