Subhash Chandra Bose
- Subhas Chandra Bose was one of the most eminent freedom fighters of India.
- Bose joined the Indian National Congress (Formed on December 28, 1885) in 1921.
- He also started a newspaper called ‘Swaraj’.
- He was the President of the All India Youth Congress and also the Secretary of the Bengal State Congress.
- In 1924, he became the CEO of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation.
- In 1930, he became the Mayor of Calcutta.
- He was twice elected President of the Indian National Congress, (1938-Haripur and 1939-Tripuri).
- Owing to political differences, he resigned from the Congress President-ship in 1939 and organised the All India Forward Bloc a faction within the Congress in Bengal.
- In 1943, he came at the helm of the Indian National Army (INA).
- INA found support among expatriate Indians and under its aegis Bose formed the Azad Hind government which came to produce its own currency, postage stamps, court and civil code. It was recognised by Axis states.
- Bose authored the book ‘The Indian Struggle’ which covers the Indian independence movement from 1920 to 1942. The book was banned by the British government.
- He coined the term ‘Jai Hind’.
- His charisma and powerful personality inspired many people into the freedom struggle and continues to inspire Indians. He was called Netaji.
Azad Hind Fauz
- Bose had set up an Indian Legion in Berlin in 1941,
- But developed difficulties with the Germans when they tried to use it against Russia.
- Hedecided to go to South East Asia.
- He reached Japanese-controlled Singapore from Germany in July 1943
- He raised famous call, ‘Delhi Chalo’,
- He also announced the formation of the Azad Hind Government and the Indian National Army on 21st October 1943.
- Indian prisoners of war in Japanese camps provided a ready recruiting ground for the I.N.A.
- The I.N.A. was essentially non-communal, with Muslims quite prominent among its officers and ranks.
- it also introduced a women’s detachment named after the Rani of Jhansi.
- I.N.A. was in action on Indian soil, besieging Imphal (Manipur) along with Japanese troops in a campaign.
- The Japanese collapse in 1945 made the I.N.A. men prisoners again.
- Bose was alleged to be killed in an air crash.
- INA trials.
Watch this movie in your free time to create characters in your brain.
- British move to put the I.N.A. men on trial immediately sparked off massive demonstrations all over the country.
- The wave of disaffection in the British Indian army during the winter of 1945-46.
- The great Bombay naval strike of February 1946 and was quite possibly one of the most decisive reasons behind the British decision to make a quick withdrawal.
- The central government has decided to observe Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti as ‘Parakram Diwas‘ to be celebrated on 23rd January.
- The Government of India has also instituted Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskaar to recognise the excellent work done by the individuals and institutions in the field of disaster management.