Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
- The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship launched the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) in 2015.
- So, Why did Government come up with this scheme?
- Think like an Administrative officer.
Challenges India is facing in the era of Industrial Revolution 4.0
- India wants to become a Global Power.
- India has low industrial output comparing to its population.
- There is no framework or standard for training.
- Even the engineering college pass-outs are found UNEMPLOYABLE.
- Industries want to move out of China due to rising labor costs, but can’t move to India due to lack of trained professionals.
- India can’t miss Industrial Revolution 4.0.
What will YOU do?
- Think like a senior official, what will you do?
- STOP reading further, take your notebook and pen and write various STEPS you will suggest to Government of India.
- Share your steps in the comments.
- Train the people. Create an environment for them to get skills. Create a bar or standard for training.
- Or, Give Subsidy to students and unemployed graduates to join training Institutes.
- Or, create an app for people to train online.
- Or, Give incentives to industries for apprenticeship i.e. providing training.
What do you think is the best way to tackle this situation?
Let us look at the various pros and cons of the ideas
- “Train the people” –
- This idea looks promising and a long term solution for the issue that India is facing.
- However it will require lots of resources but considering the result it is worth it.
- Creating a standard for training will help the employers to recruit at pan India level.
- “Give Subsidy“
- This will require a huge exercise of finding candidates to provide subsidy.
- The subsidy doesn’t guarantee quality of training.
- It can’t be a long term solution.
- “Create an app”
- It also doesn’t guarantee quality.
- It has issue of reach to the villages and to the vulnerable societies.
- The low number of industries considering the population of India make this choice as an ancillary to the first option.
- This can’t be the only solution.
So how Government is tackling these issues?
- Government of India has focused on this issue and created a new ministry – Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in the year 2014.
- Government created a scheme to be seen by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
- It is a not-for-profit public limited company.
- It was set up by Ministry of Finance as Public Private Partnership (PPP) model.
- The Government of India through Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) holds 49% of NSDC.
- Government of India started Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) in 2015.
- It is a Skill Certification Scheme
- It aims to encourage the youth population of the country to take up training which is Industry- Relevant.
- The scheme was launched with an intention to provide secure livelihoods for the individuals participating in the training.
Components of PMKVY
Short Term Training
The National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) and different training centres will provide skill development training to the unemployed and school/college dropouts.
They’ll also grant Soft Skill training, Digital & Financial Literacy sessions, Entrepreneurship, etc. depending upon the requirements of the industry.
The training provided will be NSQF Level 5 and below.
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
- Individuals having prior learning experiences/skills are certified and assessed under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
- RPL is a process of assessment of an individual’s prior learning, skills, and experience.
- This component of PMKVY aims to encourage training in the groups of society that are marginalized and vulnerable.
- These Special projects can be defined as the projects that have some deviation in the Terms and Conditions from the Short Term Training projects.
Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
- They are events organized every six months in order to provide assistance for individuals who have taken PMKVY training and have been certified.
Placement and Monitoring Guidelines
- Creating and Providing placement opportunities to trained and certified individuals.
- Maintaining high-quality training standards through the Skills Development Management System (SDMS).
How Government is setting Standards
Setting up Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra
Setting up National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF)
How Government acting as a bridge between Employer and Employee
Setting up Rozgar Mela
Recognition of prior Learning
- During PMKVY 1.0 (pilot phase) in 2015-16, 19.85 lakh candidates were trained.
- PMKVY 2.0 (2016-2020) was launched by scaling up both in terms of Sector and Geography.
- Also, greater alignment with other missions of Government of India like Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat, etc.
Objectives of PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20)
- Enable and mobilize a large number ofyouths to take up industry designed quality skill training, become employable and earn their livelihood.
- Increase productivity of the existing workforce,and align skill training with the actual needs of the country.
- Encourage standardisation of the Certification process and put in place the foundation for creating a registry of skills.
- Benefit 10 million youth over the period of four years (2016- 2020).
- Skill India Mission PMKVY 3.0 envisages training of eight lakh candidates over a scheme period of 2020-2021.
- More of scaling up, more Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras (PMKKs), more empaneled non-PMKK training centres and more than 200 ITIs.
- On the basis of the learning gained from PMKVY 1.0 and PMKVY 2.0, the Ministry has improved the newer version of the scheme to match the current policy doctrine and energize the skilling ecosystem affected due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Creation of a pool of certified trainers through direct funding for the Training of Trainers Program.