Vizcards for India-Kazakhstan relations
India - Kazakhstan Historical Relations
- Relations between India and Kazakhstan are ancient and historical going back to more than 2000 years.
- There has been a constant and regular flow of trade in goods and, more importantly, exchange of ideas and cultural influences.
- The flow of Buddhism from India to Central Asia and Sufi ideas from Central Asia to India are two such examples.
India - Kazakhstan Political Relations
- India was one of the first countries to recognize the independence of Kazakhstan. Diplomatic relations were established in February 1992.
- India and Kazakhstan have been strategic partners since 2009.
Cooperation at Multilateral Fora
- India and Kazakhstan actively cooperate under the aegis of Multilateral Fora including CICA, SCO and the UN organizations.
- India has been a consistent supporter of Kazakhstan’s initiative on Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) and is actively participating in the process.
- Kazakhstan supports India’s permanent membership in an expanded United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and has extended its support for India’s non-permanent membership in 2021-22.
Trade and Economy
- The India-Kazakhstan Inter-Governmental Commission (IGC) established in 1993 is the apex bilateral institutional mechanism for developing trade, economic, scientific, technological, industrial and cultural cooperation between the two countries.
- The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas on the Indian side and Ministry of Energy on the Kazakh side are the nodal ministries with respective Ministers as the Co-Chair of the Commission.
- Several Joint Working Groups (JWGs) have been established in the areas of Counter Terrorism, Trade & Economic Cooperation, Defence & Military Technical Cooperation, Information Technology, Hydrocarbons, Textiles, Tea Debt and Space Cooperation, Health and Transport, Connectivity & Logistics to take forward bilateral relations in the respective spheres.
- Kazakhstan is India’s largest trade and investment partner in Central Asia.
- Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) launched “Al-Farabi-1”, a 1.7 kg Technology Demonstrator Nano Satellite built by Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty along with 103 other satellites in 2017.
- A delegation from ISRO attended Kazakh Defence Expo ‘KADEX’ in May 2018.
Civil Nuclear Cooperation
- Kazakhstan supported India in obtaining India-specific exemption to allow civil nuclear cooperation with Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) countries in 2008.