Important topics for Disaster Management for UPSC 2023
Topics for Disaster Management
PM Cares Fund
Recent Government steps
National Disaster Management Plan
* Disaster and disaster management
> Risk-reduction strategies using traditional knowledge
- Indigenous peoples’ understanding of disaster risk uses an enormous dataset – traditional knowledge and folklore reaching back many generations. It was highlighted in the recently concluded Global Platform For Disaster Risk Reduction 2022 (GP2022) in Bali.
- These indigenous practices have used traditional knowledge, alongside modern techniques, to help manage disaster risk
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- Ancient Australian technique to reduce bushfire
- Controlled fires in small areas burn, reducing undergrowth and dead wood while preserving larger trees and allowing wildlife to escape
- Age-old traditional forecasting and flood-prevention methods to limit the risks of seasonal flooding in Nepal and the Tibetan Plateau
- These include planting flood-resistant crops and digging drainage ditches and moats.
- Community-based early warning systems using environmental indicators:
- Observations of changes in cloud shapes, rainfall patterns, fauna activity, wind velocity, star positions and temperatures help anticipate floods and trigger preparations to minimize their impacts.
- Traditional remedies after flooding – like using green coconut milk to treat diarrhoea, cholera and dysentery – help with recovery, alongside any modern medical treatments that might be available.
- In Sulawesi, Indonesia, the Kailli communities have passed on historical knowledge of natural hazards
- Folksongs recount past experiences of disasters and pass on lessons learnt from predecessors about a range of hazards and their causes
- The villages include safe areas, known as ‘Kinta’, which have always been used as refuges during seismic events.
- 7th session recently concluded in Bali, Indonesia.
Key outcomes of Bali Agenda for Resilience are:
- Human rights-based approach and holistic whole-of-society approach to diaster risk reduction (DRR)
- DRR at centre of policies and finance for government
GP2022: It is a platform to assess the implementation of Sendai Framework on DRR (2015-2030)
- It honours practices and efforts made by institutions, individuals and groups that have best contributed to building resilience through a multi-hazard approach.
- It focuses on the promotion of inclusive and resilient approaches in disaster risk reduction.