Important points for 5G
- 5G is the next generation of mobile broadband that will eventually replace, or at least augment 4G LTE connection.
- 5G is the fifth generation cellular technology
- It will increase the downloading and uploading speeds over the mobile network,
- It will reduce the latency i.e. the time taken by a network to respond.
- It also increases energy efficiency and offers more stable network connections.
5G will have a wider area in the frequency spectrum (range of frequencies) that will ensure no network congestion.
- 5G will deliver multi-Gbps peak rates, ultra-low latency, massive capacity, and a more uniform user experience.
Government steps on setting up 5G in India
- Recently approved, National Electronics Policy 2019 aims to position India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing and promotes early stage Start-ups in emerging technology areas such as 5G, loT, Artificial Intelligence etc.
- Bharat Net project aims to provide digital infrastructure on a non-discriminatory basis by an affordable broadband connectivity of 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps for all households.
- Indian government also initiated measures to introduce 5G technology via the National Telecom Policy (NTP), which aims to reach 100% teledensity, high-speed internet highways and delivery of citizen-centric services electronically.
- The Department of Telecommunications set up a high-level forum to develop the roadmap for 5G services in India by 2020.
- The government is also working on creating a corpus of Rs 500 crore for research and development for 5G technology in India.
- The government has invited leading telecom companies to undertake pilot projects on spectrum allocated free of charge for a year.
- India is making efforts to have its own Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) as a part of 5G global standards.
- The auction for a broad range of spectrum bands for 5G, later this year, will set the stage for India to power the next generation mobile networks.
Hurdles face by Indian Telcos
All the three private telecom players, Reliance Jio Infocomm, Bharti Airtel and Vi have been urging the DoT to lay out a clear road map of spectrum allocation and 5G frequency bands, so that they would be able to plan the roll out of their services accordingly.
One big hurdle, however, is the lack of flow of cash and adequate capital with at least two of the three players, namely Bharti Airtel and Vodafone Idea.
On the other hand, Reliance Jio plans to launch an indigenously built 5G network for the country as early as the second half of this year.